PL/SIL

If machinery is to be or is to be fitted with safety control devices, these must meet certain reliability requirements. These reliability requirements depend on the size of the risk that the safety control has to protect against: the higher the risk, the higher the reliability of the safety control.

There are several standards that can be applied to determine the reliability level of electronic safety controllers. In mechanical engineering, the Performance Level based on NEN-EN-ISO 13849-1 is often applied.

deur beveiliging contactor PL
risicograaf

The standard works in such a way that based on the severity of the risk, a Required Performance Level (PLr) is determined. Then, depending on the required reliability, a safety control system must be designed. The reliability of components (contactors, switches, relays) can be varied or redundant systems can be used. The actual performance level (PL) is then determined based on the chosen system structure, component reliability and the presence of fault detection. The system meets the requirements if the PL is greater than or equal to PLr.

Redundant systems are often required for protection against major risks, although NEN-EN ISO 13849-1 offers scope to achieve the second highest reliability level with single circuits.

Safety Integrity Level (SIL)

In the process industry and process installations, the Safety Integrity Level (SIL) based on NEN-EN IEC 62061 is often used. The SIL level, like the PL, also concerns the reliability of the safety control system. NEN-EN IEC 62061 applies exclusively to electronic safety controllers.

SIL verification

When designing safety controllers it is necessary to verify whether the designed safety controller achieves the required SIL class. This can be done by considering the individual components and determining their maximum achievable SIL class and by considering the chain architecture and determining the Predicted Failure on Demand (PFD) of the Safety Instrumented Function (SIF). The PFD of the SIF then shows whether the required SIL class can be achieved with the intended design.

SIL PL level proces installatie machine

Related topics

Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC

The Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC is probably one of the best known CE directives when it comes to the CE marking of machinery and installations. In annex I the directive specifies a large number of minimum essential safety requirements with which machinery must comply.
Read more

Pressure Equipment Directive 2014/68/EU

Equipment with a pressure of 0.5 bar or more is subject to the Pressure Equipment Directive (2014/68/EU). The way in which the directive is applied depends on the design specifications of the equipment; the working pressure, pipe diameter or vessel capacity, together with the medium in the equipment, determine which category the product falls under.
Read more

Engineering

Obtaining the CE marking on machinery is ideally a process that should receive adequate attention throughout the development of the machine. After all, the choices made in all the steps of the development process of the machine have a greater or lesser influence on the safety of the machine and vice versa.
Read more

Import of machinery

CE marking is a responsibility of companies that place machinery on the market for the first time within the EEA. This means that when a machine is imported from outside the EEA, the importer is responsible for the CE marking of the machine. This has major consequences!
Read more

Contact us!

Certified Core Expert and IECEx Certified Professional!

Newsletter

Contact

Pol-Safety
Veiligheidsadviseurs B.V.

Stobbenakker 32
7391 LZ Twello
+31 6 33 046 460
info@pol-safety.nl

Website realization: Sieronline